When visiting World Bank projects in Honduras, it is easy to be blown away by its beauty: from the pristine beaches on the Caribbean coast and its lush rainforest landscapes, to the historical and cultural sites influenced by indigenous and Afro-Caribbean traditions. However, the Honduras Climate and Development Report from the World Bank.and these natural resources are continually threatened by climatic phenomena, as indicated by
A recent example is the impact of category 4. In addition, the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic intensified the already existing social and economic challenges, causing greater impacts on areas with high concentrations of indigenous and Afro-descendant communities. The social and economic costs were estimated at USD 1.8 billion, equivalent to 7.5 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), due to damage to infrastructure, land and crops.
If climate change measures are not implemented, the country’s economy will be affected.. These phenomena could reduce coffee, corn, bean and sugar cane harvests, which represent four of the country’s five main crops. Thirty percent of Hondurans work in the agricultural sector, potentially resulting in the loss of thousands of jobs. Studies predict that the number of people living in poverty could exceed five million by 2050.
Shining a light on the climate horizon
Faced with a scenario in which projections indicate that climate events will be more frequent and intense, there is still hope. The nationally determined contribution (NDC) of Honduras aligned to the Paris Agreement, updated in 2021, promotes the development of mitigation and adaptation actions against the impacts and effects of climate change and promotes sustainable development.
These actions include improvements in various sectors such as biodiversity, water or energy resources, which can contribute to the generation of green jobs, the reduction of costs derived from energy efficiency, improved air quality and greater resilience of natural and productive systems, among others.
However, these commitments to implement the Honduras NDC face significant challenges. As a means of supporting countries in defining, updating and implementing their NDCs, the World Bank designed a document called the Climate and Development Report, which outlines concrete ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to achieve climate goals and includes a diagnosis to help advance the country’s development objectives.
Opportunities for Low-Carbon development in Honduras
The Honduras Climate and Development Report outlines such as solar and wind.
The report highlights that strategies and policies must be designed with a people-centered approach to ensure social inclusion. Historically excluded groups, such as women, indigenous peoples and Afro-descendants, are most affected by climate change-related phenomena, especially those who depend on agriculture and other natural resources for their livelihoods. This restricts access to quality infrastructure, social safety networks, and decision-making spaces.
Recommendations for a more resilient and greener future
Honduras has already advanced in the management of climate change impacts. However,.
Adaptation and mitigation policies should consider the differentiated impacts of climate change on excluded groups and explore opportunities for locally-led climate action. The sectoral policy priorities recommended by the Honduras Climate and Development Report are:
- Promotion of agricultural resilience and productivity, including sustainable landscape practices
- Low-carbon and climate-resilient transportation systems
- Development of reforms to improve energy efficiency such as the promotion of hydropower investments
Download the new Honduras Climate and Development Report here to read the full analysis.
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