The historical patterns of war and violence suggest that the world is, in general, becoming more peaceful. However, recent downward trends in armed conflict paint a different picture.For instance, more countries were experiencing some form of conflict than at any time in the previous 30 years.
, as one of their primary instruments that facilitate combatants’ transition to civilians and reduce their incentive to take up arms again.
DDR approaches were originally conceived to support the dismantling of formal and organized armed forces as part of an orderly peace settlement. Since then, DDR has evolved in step with the evolving nature of armed conflict – from an approach based on formal peace agreements to one focused on sustaining peace.
In the last two decades, the (MDRP) and (TDRP) multi-donor trust funds coordinated financing from 14 donor organizations, and partnered on implementation with 21 regional bodies, United Nations agencies, and civil society organizations.
The World Bank has been the primary source of investments in DDR programs, whether through regional funds or in direct assistance to specific countries. The Global Program for Reintegration Support (GPRS) has been established as a mechanism to sustain and advance the World Bank’s engagement in this realm.
In this edition, World Bank Practice Manager Aly Rahim joins Senior Social Development Specialist and GPRS Leader Daniel Owen to provide an overview of the World Bank’s work on the economic and social reintegration of ex-combatants, how to integrate human rights into DDR, and the frontiers of the global DDR work. We hope you enjoy!
This video blog is part of the “Social Development – Tackling Fragility, Conflict, and Violence in Africa” blog series.
- Countering violent extremism and helping ex-combatants: New trends and approaches
- New Beginnings for Ex-Combatants in Rwanda - World Bank Group
- Assessing the Reintegration of Ex-Combatants in the Context of Instability and Informal Economies: The Cases of the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan
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