Let’s work together to prevent violence and protect the vulnerable against fragility


This page in:

Participants from 90 countries and 400 organizations joined the 2018 Fragility Forum to explore development, humanitarian and security approaches to fostering global peace and stability. © World Bank
Participants from 90 countries and 400 organizations joined the 2018 Fragility Forum to explore development, humanitarian and security approaches to fostering global peace and stability. © World Bank

Last week, in a gathering of governments and organizations at the World Bank-hosted 2018 Fragility Forum, the international community took an important step forward in fighting fragility  by sharpening our understanding of it, hearing directly from those affected by it and thinking collectively through what we must do to overcome it.

We all agreed, acting on a renewed understanding of fragility and what it means to vulnerable communities represents an urgent and collective responsibility. We’ve all seen the suffering. In places like Syria, Myanmar, Yemen and South Sudan, the loss of life, dignity and economic prosperity is rife. With more than half of the world’s poor expected to live in fragile settings by 2030, we can’t end poverty unless we promote stability, prosperity, and peace in these places ravaged by conflict and crisis. 

What we heard from our partners during the Fragility Forum is that the only way to solve this crisis is to urgently increase our work in the economic space between war and peace.  Specifically, it is important to: 

  • Pivot to prevention in the management of conflict and crisis risks. This means focusing on the drivers of fragility, addressing the risks early and, when risks are high or mounting, finding inclusive solutions through dialogue, and adjusted policies, including development policies. This approach is highlighted in our new report: Pathways for Peace: Inclusive Approaches to Preventing Violent Conflict. There are many examples of success: Countries like Indonesia, Kenya and Tunisia, among others, have successfully used prevention to avoid conflict.
  • Deepen partnerships among humanitarian, security, peacebuilding and development actors. When conflict happens, how closely coordinated stakeholders are can mean the difference between life and more death.  We heard from Deqa Yasin, Somalia’s Minister of Women and Human Rights Development, that when a major crisis happens in her country, one of the things with which leaders struggle is how to get quick and coordinated support. What we need, she said, “is not to work in silos, but to work in a coordinated matter.” 
  • Crowd in the private sector as a source of growth, jobs, and service-provision. Developing a robust private sector is essential for driving development in fragile and conflict-affected settings.  At the World Bank Group, we have established two financing tools to stimulate investment in these countries: The Creating Markets Advisory Window (CMAW), designed to meet the increased demand for advisory services and to increase the number of investment-ready projects; and a new $2.5 billion Private Sector Window to catalyze investment in poor countries affected by fragility and conflict.
  • Protect and empower vulnerable communities like refugees, women, and children. While our core goal should be to prevent conflict so that we lower the numbers of refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs) around the world, our immediate aim must be to support the development needs of the more than 65 million refugees and IDPs, and the countries that open their borders to welcome them. In Jordan, providing government services to refugees costs the country $1.5 billion a year, about 4% of GDP. It is our responsibility to bring development solutions together with humanitarian solutions to address the challenges faced by refugees and their host communities. This is equally true for women and children in fragile settings who are disproportionately affected.
Taken together, these four approaches will help the countries we serve address fragility before conflict takes hold, and support them during and in its aftermath. The World Bank Group is fully committed to this and we call on all partners in the international community to do the same. In the latest replenishment of IDA, our fund for the poorest countries, we have doubled our resources to build resilience in fragile and conflict-affected areas. We have also created additional IDA funding on top of that for vulnerable communities such as refugees, to help at-risk countries avoid falling into conflict.

Together, it is possible to ensure that fragility, conflict, and violence no longer prevent humans from escaping poverty.  It will take urgent action from all of us to achieve that hopeful promise. Let’s get to work.


Franck Bousquet

Senior Director of the World Bank Fragility, Conflict, & Violence Group

Join the Conversation

Angapat Raghu Menon
March 14, 2018

In this new world we cannot escape from poverty,if the poverty is increasing voilence will increase for the capture of shelter and food. How the poverty increased because of more conflict in the west Asia and the middle east. People are fleeing from war torned areas to the neibhouring countries for the safty and the Life. Conflict in Syria and the suberben countries are the most effecting countries which they are giving shelter and food for the refugies. How far UN UCHER will help the refugees from the Syria. They are absconting from the place to the europien countries for better life and job. The same conflict was happend in Libya also, people are fleeing from the countries to europe and other countries neibhouring countries. Mainly in the conflict countries to the people and the countries should bring peace and food for the re-constuction of the destroyed shelters. Even through world Banks aim to bring down the poverty in the African continent and the Asian countries by 2030.

Koffi Alinon
March 26, 2018

We often start reacting when large-scale conflicts cause casualties and loss of lives. My experience about FCV is that prevention should prior address what is considered "local" conflicts that aggregates in more violent conflicts due to triggers. Two ways of preventing them could be: integrating conflict sensitivity approaches in operational activities of development interventions (i) building local/national/regional capacities for inclusiveness and dialogue (ii). Let's quote our recent positive results of a WB financed conflicts prevention project in the Sahel and the Horn of Africa at: http://praps.cilss.int/index.php/2017/11/26/boite-a-outils-sur-la-sensi…
As for mobilizing the private sector, I would say BANCO if high standards due diligence and do-no-harm principles are applied.
Finally, the readiness of donor’s organizations to cope their interventions with FVC settings must be questioned. I think considering only financial assistance as a way to development's paradigm does no more work. Aid cannot supply failed states and can furthermore fuel conflict and illegal traffic. This is why building resilience and enhancing autonomous capacities of local communities and marginalized people cited in Franck Bousquet's note are good way of doing things (I would add youth and pastoralists as well).
Good job done WB for the event and let's follow-up and monitor!