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Why care about unpaid care work in East Asia?

Hillary C. Johnson's picture
World Bank
A woman pushes a stroller in Mongolia.

An increasing body of evidence shows that women’s domestic roles in the household limit or orient their participation in the labor market in East Asia. Descriptive evidence from household surveys in Indonesia, Mongolia and the Philippines shows noticeable dips in female labor force participation during childbearing years. A more detailed analysis of panel data from Indonesia confirms this trend and demonstrates that it is at least partially driven by constraints, not women’s preferences.

Bigger tobacco taxes for better health outcomes in the Pacific Islands

Sutayut Osornprasop's picture


The issue

Data compiled over the past two decades has found that all four major non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Tonga are on the rise – diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and respiratory diseases. According to the latest WHO data, NCDs accounted for four out of five leading causes of deaths in Tonga, which is among the highest in the Pacific.

The increase in risky behaviors such as smoking, poor diet, harmful alcohol intake, and physical inactivity are acknowledged as the major contributing factors to the rise in NCDs in Tonga. Almost one in two men smoke, and smoking appears to be increasing among young women in Tonga. These are all strongly linked to ‘unhealthy environments’, and require complementary policies, regulations and legislation interventions. 

Completing the storytelling ‘circle’: a VR project goes home

Tom Perry's picture
Development organizations & NGOs need powerful stories to help people connect with their work. Yet how do communities feel after their stories have been shared?

After leading the production of a climate change Virtual Reality production in Fiji and returning it to communities, Tom Perry, the World Bank's Team Leader for Pacific Communications, shares his thoughts.

5 điều cần làm để chấm dứt ô nhiễm nhựa

Anjali Acharya's picture
Also available in English



Que hút bằng nhựa là một trong những chất thải bằng nhựa hàng đầu trong các đại dương, và chúng không thể tái chế được. © Kanittha Boon/Shutterstock
 
Các báo đưa nhiều tin buồn. Một con cá voi hoa tiêu đực bị chết và dạt vào bãi biển ở Thái Lan vì đã nuốt 80 túi nilon; hình ảnh về những con rùa mắc trong 6 cái vòng nhựa, một con cá ngựa nhỏ xíu cuộn đuôi vào một cái tăm bông bằng nhựa. Các sản phẩm nhựa trôi dạt hàng ngày trên các bãi biển toàn thế giới – từ Indonesia đến bờ biển tây Phi, và các con kênh trong các thành phố ngày càng tràn ngập chất thải nhựa.

Nhưng cả thế giới bắt đầu chú ý đến điều đó và các nước, các doanh nghiệp, người dân, cộng đồng đã bắt đầu hành động. Từ cấm, đánh thuế các sản phẩm nhựa dùng một lần đến đầu tư vào thu gom rác thải và các chính sách làm giảm số bao bì bằng nhựa và dọn vệ sinh bãi biển. Chúng ta đang cố gắng cai nghiện thói quen dùng nhựa, làm cho cuộc sống và hành tinh lành mạnh hơn.

安徽宣城:信息技术推动智慧园区产业升级

Xiao Wu's picture

最近,我作为世行贷款支持的宣城产业转移基础设施示范项目的团队成员,有幸到访了安徽宣城经济技术开发区。宣城经济技术开发区位于长江经济带的腹地,是安徽省承接产业转移、促进产业升级的桥头堡。

开发区管委会副主任李军先生介绍说,日常管理工作中需要处理纷繁复杂的信息,涉及招商引资、人力资源和环境质量监测等领域。因为基础数据统计口径和数据来源不同,信息收集以及政府部门间的信息共享也变得十分困难。为了应对上述挑战,在世行项目中,他们适时引入了“智能招商系统”、“劳动力信息管理平台”和“环境质量实时监测系统”,以此来支持开发区实现智慧园区的升级。

Membuka Jalan untuk Ekonomi Digital yang Berkembang di Indonesia

Petra Wiyakti Bodrogini's picture
Also available in: English



Di seluruh sektor ekonomi digital di Indonesia, baik perusahaan teknologi raksasa maupun yang lebih kecil mengeluhkan sulitnya menemukan bakat digital. Obert Hoseanto dari Microsoft Indonesia menjelaskan: “Sulit sekali mendapatkan karyawan. Kami menerima ratusan lamaran untuk program magang kami tetapi kami hanya dapat menerima 5 orang.”

Para lulusan pendidikan ilmu komputer juga merasa kesulitan untuk memenuhi keinginan atasan mereka. “Saya hanya menggunakan 30% dari ilmu yang saya pelajari di bangku kuliah saat saya bekerja dulu. Sisanya adalah learning by doing,” kata Natali Ardianto, dari tiket.com, sebuah perusahaan start up Teknologi, Informasi dan Komunikasi (TIK) yang berkembang pesat.

Dalam upaya membahas kesenjangan keterampilan ini, Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Perekonomian menyelenggarakan sebuah lokakarya yang juga didukung oleh Bank Dunia untuk memperolah masukan dari sektor swasta, pakar pendidikan, dan praktisi global.

Paving the Way for a Thriving Digital Economy in Indonesia

Petra Wiyakti Bodrogini's picture
Also available in: Bahasa Indonesia



Across the digital economy in Indonesia, both IT giants and smaller companies have the same complain: digital talents are hard to find. Obert Hoseanto, an Engagement Manager from Microsoft Indonesia, said the company recently contracted only five people for an internship program, out of a pool of hundreds of applicants.

But those applying for jobs are also struggling, with many realizing the difficulties of meeting the needs of their employers. Natali Ardianto is learning the ropes at tiket.com, a thriving start-up, “by doing”, he said. “Only 30% of the curriculum of my education was useful for the company I joined,” he explained.

A recent workshop held by the Coordinating Ministry of Economic Affairs and supported by the World Bank strived to develop a better understanding of this skills gap, by bringing in insights from the private sector, education experts, and global practitioners.

纪念世行贷款汶川地震灾后重建项目的难忘岁月

Yi Shi's picture
Also available in: English
作者(左3)与同事、世界银行专家在项目现场。摄影:华玛雅/世界银行


十年,对活着的人们而言,意味着游子回家的路会越来越近;但对于逝去的人们而言,他(她)在亲人的心中却越走越远……恰逢汶川地震十周年之际,我写下此文记忆参与世行贷款汶川地震灾后恢复重建项目历时八年的工作经历,感恩在这场深刻影响中国和撼动世界的自然灾害中为灾后重建付出心血和努力的人们。

Wenchuan Earthquake, ten years on: Building back stronger

Yi Shi's picture
Also available in: 中文
Photo:Mara Warwick/World Bank

It’s been ten years since the Wenchuan Earthquake struck China, leaving an everlasting scar on ravaged land, but also revealing the strong and unyielding will of the Chinese people.

Tackling a known unknown: How post-disaster aid can provide what people really need

Markus Kostner's picture
Photo: Patrick Barron (World Bank)

Within a few weeks of the disaster, the tents, half a dozen of them, were lined up along a creek where houses with bamboo walls and nipa roofs had once stood. They were brand new… and empty. They had been provided to survivors of Nargis, the cyclone that killed an estimated 140,000 people in the Ayeyarwady Delta of Myanmar in one night in 2008.
 
However, despite these provisions, the cyclone survivors preferred to stay in makeshift huts they had built on the other side of the village path with any materials they could find. The tents were too flimsy, they said, and could fly away if another storm kicked up.

Sometime thereafter, they packed the tents neatly and stored them with other items they had also received and never used: sleeping bags much too warm for the monsoon climate, and gasoline stoves where no gasoline was sold.

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